Dr. Job Holmes House

1. Dr. Job Holmes House
1. Dr. Job Holmes House
2. Dr. Job Holmes House
2. Dr. Job Holmes House
3. Dr. Job Holmes House
3. Dr. Job Holmes House
4. Dr. Job Holmes House
4. Dr. Job Holmes House
5. Dr. Job Holmes House
5. Dr. Job Holmes House
Built:1850
Address:
247 Main Street
Calais, Maine

National Register

Historic District



Architectural Styles

  • Italianate
SCA, p.5
DR. JOB HOLMES HOUSE

Built in 1850-51, this residence at 247 Main Street, is a three-bay two-story Italian-ate building with an attic. Resting on a granite slab foundation, it was built by Asher Bassford, who built two others in Calais. Ownership passed from Josephine Holmes to a non-profit charitable corporation housing elderly men and women. The center front door, facing northeast, is protected by a hood held up by 4 ornamented brackets. The porch has rails and posts. Shuttered six-aver-six doublesash windows cover most of the second floor. There are twin chimneys joining the interior and roof. This building is in the new enlarged Calais Historic District. KFM, JCB

From National Register of Historic Places Continuation Sheet
CALAIS RESIDENTIAL HISTORIC DISTRICT
Section number 7, Page 10

12. Job Holmes House, 1850 - C 247 Main street

Asher B. Bassford, Builder N. R. 4/5/90

The Dr. Job Holmes House i~ a large two-story with attic, three-bay frame dwelling with pronounced Italianate style features. A two-story ell and attached shed project from the rear elevation. Weatherboards cover the entire building which rests on a rusticated granite slab foundation. Facing northeast, the symmetrically composed front elevation features a central paneled door and sidelights sheltered by a broad hood. the hood is supported by four over-scaled brackets with ornate pendants. Low balustrade walls composed of short, squat balusters and large square corner posts define the edge of the porch. Flanking the porch are single six-over-six double-hung sash windows framed by bracketed hoods and sills. A trio of similar windows are arranged across the second story, although the center unit is capped by a segmentally-arched hood. Operable shutters, which are original, are still in place on these as on all the windows. Closely spaced shaped brackets support the broad roof overhang, and wide corner pilasters extend from the wooden water table to the narrow cornice. Two interior end chimneys rise through the roof. The gable ends of the main block have identical fenestration patterns consisting of two-six-over-six windows on each story and a smaller six-over-six in the attic. Bracketed sills similar to those on the facade are utilized here whereas they are surmounted by shallow triangular hoods. The wide corner pilasters are repeated and the short cornice returns are bracketed.

The Job Holmes House is among the most architecturally significant Italianate style dwellings in Calais. It was constructed in 1850-51 for Dr. Job Holmes, a physician who had established his medical practice in the second quarter of the nineteenth century in what was at that time a booming lumber shipping port. Construction of the house was undertaken by local architect/builder Asher B.Bassford, although it is not certain that he designed the building. It is one of only three extant documented projects in Maine by Bassford, all of them in Calais. A graduate of Maine Medical School, Holmes married vesta Hamlin, the sister of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin. Another brother, Dr. Cyrus Hamlin, was a class-mate of Holmes at medical school and established his practice in Calais about 1830. Holmes and his wife followed Hamlin some years thereafter where they initially settled in the Holmes cottage. Their subsequent prosperity is reflected in the size and detailing of the new house built in 1850-51. Upon the deaths of Job and Vesta Holmes, the property passed to their daughter Agnes and her husband Edward Moore. It subsequently descended to their maiden daughter Josephine who willed it to a non-profit organization charged with maintaining the house for elderly men and women. This use is continued today.

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